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Wonderful Earth - Nature Reserves in Cape Town, South Africa

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1. Blaauwberg Conservation Area
2. Bracken Nature Reserve
3. De Hel Nature Area
4. Dick Dent Bird Sanctuary
5. Die Oog Conservation Area
6. Diep River Fynbos Corridor
7. Durbanville Nature Reserve
8. Edith Stephens Wetland Park
9. Glencairn Wetland
10. Harmony Flats Nature Reserve
11. Helderberg Nature Reserve
12. Kenilworth Racecourse Conservation Area
13. Kogelberg Nature Reserve
14. Lourens River Protected Natural Environment
15. Lower Silvermine River Wetlands
16. Macassar Dunes Conservation Area
17. Mamre Nature Garden
18. Meadowridge Common
19. Milnerton Racecourse Nature Reserve
20. Raapenberg Bird Sanctuary
21. Rietvlei Wetland Reserve
22. Rondebosch Common
23. Rondevlei Nature Reserve
24. Silvermine Nature Reserve
25. Silwerboomkloof Natural Heritage Site
26. Table Bay Nature Reserve
27. Tygerberg Nature Reserve
28. Uitkamp Wetlands
29. Witzands Aquifer Conservation Area
30. Wolfgat Nature Reserve
31. Zandvlei Estuary Nature Reserve
32. Zoarvlei Wetlands
Music: Called Upon,Silent Partner; YouTube Audio Library
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land that a sovereign state declares or owns. Although individual nations designate their own national parks differently, there is a common idea: the conservation of wild nature for posterity and as a symbol of national pride.
An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on
Protected Areas, has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.
While this type of national park had been proposed previously, the United States established the first "public park or pleasuring-ground for the benefit and enjoyment of the people", Yellowstone National Park, in 1872. Although Yellowstone was not officially termed a "national park" in its establishing law, it was always termed such in practice and is widely held to be the first and oldest national park in the world. Some would say that the first official
national park to be designated as such at its creation was Mackinac Island, legislated in 1875. Australia's Royal
National Park, established in 1879, was the world's third official national park. In 1895 ownership of Mackinac Island was transferred to the State of Michigan as a state park and national park status was consequently lost. As a result Australia's Royal National Park is by some considerations the second oldest national park now in existence.
The largest national park in the world meeting the IUCN definition is the Northeast Greenland National Park, which was established in 1974. According to the IUCN, 6,555 national parks worldwide met its criteria in 2006. IUCN is still discussing the parameters of defining a national park.
National parks are almost always open to visitors. Most national parks provide outdoor recreation and camping opportunities as well as classes designed to educate the public on the importance of conservation and the natural wonders of the land in which the national park is located.
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